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  • What is Clinical Psychology?

    Clinical psychology is a science where psychologists (most clinical psychologists hold an academic degree -Ph.D. or Psy.D. rather than a medical degree -M.D) evaluate patients through interviews, observation, and psychological tests .

  • What do Clinical Psychologists do?

    Clinical Psychologists are doctorally-trained professionals who perform testing, and evaluate and treat a full range of emotional and psychological challenges. Among others, clinical psychologists conduct:

    • Individual and group therapy with adults, adolescents, couples and children, addressing common problems such as depression, anxiety and substance abuse.
    • Work in schools to help students enhance learning.
    • Neuropsychological services to aid in the evaluation and treatment of learning disabilities, developmental disabilities, cognitive (thinking) problems, as well as stroke and head injuries.
    • Work with other professionals to improve communication skills, and increase productivity and job satisfaction.
    • Consult with and provide expert testimony in court proceedings.
    • Many other services where aspects of human behaviour and behavioural change are important.
  • What is Educational Psychology?

    Educational psychology is the study of how humans learn in educational settings, the effectiveness of educational interventions, the psychology of teaching, and the social psychology of schools as organizations. Educational psychology is concerned with how students learn and develop, often focusing on subgroups such as gifted children and those subject to specific disabilities.

  • What do Educational Psychologists do?

    Educational psychologists work in a variety of settings such as schools, clinics and universities with people from all ages. The field of work may vary from research, consultation in designing and creating educational materials, classroom programs and teacher assistance. The intervention of an educational psychologist often includes an assessment through the application of standardized tests. Results allow for the design of a specific intervention programme. They often work alongside psychologists, psychiatrists, speech and language therapists, occupational therapists and doctors.

    Consultation with an educational psychologist should be considered when learning difficulties arise in literacy and maths skills, learning is occurring at a slower/faster pace and there are difficulties sustaining attention.

  • What is Occupational Therapy?

    Occupational Therapy involves the use of meaningful, functional activities common in daily life to enable people to live life as independently as possible, no matter what challenges, either physical, emotional, or environmental, they may face.

  • What do Occupational Therapists do?

    Occupational Therapists (OTs) from the US are required to have a Master of Occupational Therapy or Doctorate of Occupational therapy degree to practice.

    OTs are trained in human growth and development with special emphasis on the social, emotional and physical effects of illness and injury. Through this holistic training, OTs are specifically equipped to help people surmount their disabilities or medical conditions to do everyday things. This may include using exercises to strengthen and increase dexterity, for example, or adaptive equipment to adjust the environment. The main goal is always increased independence.

    People who have a medical condition, disability, or any other problem that is hindering successful completion of activities of daily living, or children who face physical, cognitive, or mental health challenges would benefit from OT.

    To ensure a comprehensive approach, occupational therapists collaborate with physicians, speech therapists, physical therapists and other professionals.

  • What is Specific Learning Support?

    Specific Learning Support is educational support for students of all ages and of average to above average intelligence who suffer a disorder in one or more of the basic psychological processes involved in learning and that affects  reading, writing, math, oral language, memory, organization and study skills.  Learning disabilities are not a single condition, but a combination of related and often overlapping conditions that affect a student’s academic performance.

  • What do Learning Support Specialists do?

    Learning Support Specialists are educators with specific training in learning disabilities that encompasses disabilities such as Dyslexia, ADHD, Dyscalculia, Memory difficulties, among others.  Their work consists of diagnosing and supporting these difficulties through specific individualized programs that focus not only on academic content, but also on organizational skills, study skills and exam techniques.

  • What is Speech-Language Therapy?

    Speech-language therapy is the study, diagnosis and treatment of language and communication disorders.  Screening, identification, assessment, diagnosis, treatment, intervention, and follow-up services are all part of speech-language therapy.

  • What do Speech-Language Therapists (SLTs) do?

    In the United States, SLTs must have a Master´s degree in Speech and Language Pathology and accumulate 30 hours of continuing education every three years in order to maintain certification.  They are responsible for diagnosing and treating all speech-language and related disorders.  Voice, stuttering, articulation, hearing loss/deafness, language, dyslexia, aphasia, dysphagia (swallowing), traumatic brain injury, autistic spectrum disorders, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), aural rehabilitation and accent reduction are examples of areas of specialized training for SLTs.  SLTs provide these services to people of all ages in a variety of contexts such as schools, hospitals, clinics and private practice.

  • What is Child and Adolescents Psychology?

    Child and adolescent psychology is a branch of psychology that studies normal and abnormal development, and provides services to infants, toddlers, children and adolescents.

  • What do Child and Adolescents Psychologists do?

    Child and adolescent psychologists are professionals who provide services related to diagnosis, assessment, evaluation, treatment and prevention of psychological, emotional and behavioral distress disorders in children and adolescents.

    Sometimes significant events in a child’s life can cause stress that might lead to problems with behavior, mood, sleep, appetite and academic or social functioning. Other times, parents observe a significant delay in their child’s development when compared to siblings or other children his age and they request a thorough evaluation and guidelines.

    Child and adolescent psychologists normally work with the child’s parents and other professionals providing services to the child, such as health care professionals, school teachers, psychologists, etc.

    Child and Adolescent psychologists can evaluate and treat difficulties resulting from anxiety, depression, school failure, bed-wetting, developmental disorders, disruptive behavior, difficulties coping with divorce, sibling rivalry, social problems, bullying, eating and feeding disorders, acculturation problems, trauma and related issues. Professionals in this area can provide parent training, consultation with schools and families, as well as psychological and psychoeducational testing.

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